ugraphs.pl -- Graph manipulation library
The S-representation of a graph is a list of (vertex-neighbours) pairs, where the pairs are in standard order (as produced by keysort) and the neighbours of each vertex are also in standard order (as produced by sort). This form is convenient for many calculations.
A new UGraph from raw data can be created using vertices_edges_to_ugraph/3.
Adapted to support some of the functionality of the SICStus ugraphs library by Vitor Santos Costa.
Ported from YAP 5.0.1 to SWI-Prolog by Jan Wielemaker.
- vertices(+S_Graph, -Vertices) is det
- Strips off the neighbours lists of an S-representation to produce a list of the vertices of the graph. (It is a characteristic of S-representations that every vertex appears, even if it has no neighbours.). Vertices is in the standard order of terms.
- vertices_edges_to_ugraph(+Vertices, +Edges, -UGraph) is det
- Create a UGraph from Vertices and edges. Given a graph with a
set of Vertices and a set of Edges, Graph must unify with the
corresponding S-representation. Note that the vertices without
edges will appear in Vertices but not in Edges. Moreover, it is
sufficient for a vertice to appear in Edges.
?- vertices_edges_to_ugraph([],[1-3,2-4,4-5,1-5], L). L = [1-[3,5], 2-[4], 3-[], 4-[5], 5-[]]
In this case all vertices are defined implicitly. The next example shows three unconnected vertices:
?- vertices_edges_to_ugraph([6,7,8],[1-3,2-4,4-5,1-5], L). L = [1-[3,5], 2-[4], 3-[], 4-[5], 5-[], 6-[], 7-[], 8-[]]
- del_vertices(+Graph, +Vertices, -NewGraph) is det
- Unify NewGraph with a new graph obtained by deleting the list of
Vertices and all the edges that start from or go to a vertex in
Vertices to the Graph. Example:
?- del_vertices([1-[3,5],2-[4],3-[],4-[5],5-[],6-[],7-[2,6],8-[]], [2,1], NL). NL = [3-[],4-[5],5-[],6-[],7-[6],8-[]]
- ugraph_union(+Set1, +Set2, ?Union)
- Is true when Union is the union of Set1 and Set2. This code is a copy of set union
- graph_subtract(+Set1, +Set2, ?Difference)[private]
- Is based on ord_subtract
- edges(+UGraph, -Edges) is det
- Edges is the set of edges in UGraph. Each edge is represented as a pair From-To, where From and To are vertices in the graph.
- transpose_ugraph(Graph, NewGraph) is det
- Unify NewGraph with a new graph obtained from Graph by replacing
all edges of the form V1-V2 by edges of the form V2-V1. The cost
is O(|V|*log(|V|)). Notice that an undirected graph is its own
transpose. Example:
?- transpose([1-[3,5],2-[4],3-[],4-[5], 5-[],6-[],7-[],8-[]], NL). NL = [1-[],2-[],3-[1],4-[2],5-[1,4],6-[],7-[],8-[]]
- compose(G1, G2, Composition)
- Calculates the composition of two S-form graphs, which need not have the same set of vertices.
- top_sort(+Graph, -Sorted) is semidet
- top_sort(+Graph, -Sorted, ?Tail) is semidet
- Sorted is a topological sorted list of nodes in Graph. A
toplogical sort is possible if the graph is connected and
acyclic. In the example we show how topological sorting works
for a linear graph:
?- top_sort([1-[2], 2-[3], 3-[]], L). L = [1, 2, 3]
The predicate top_sort/3 is a difference list version of top_sort/2.
- neighbors(+Vertex, +Graph, -Neigbours) is det
- neighbours(+Vertex, +Graph, -Neigbours) is det
- Neigbours is a sorted list of the neighbours of Vertex in Graph.
- connect_ugraph(+UGraphIn, -Start, -UGraphOut) is det[private]
- Adds Start as an additional vertex that is connected to all vertices
in UGraphIn. This can be used to create an topological sort for a
not connected graph. Start is before any vertex in UGraphIn in the
standard order of terms. No vertex in UGraphIn can be a variable.
Can be used to order a not-connected graph as follows:
top_sort_unconnected(Graph, Vertices) :- ( top_sort(Graph, Vertices) -> true ; connect_ugraph(Graph, Start, Connected), top_sort(Connected, Ordered0), Ordered0 = [Start|Vertices] ).
- before(+Term, -Before) is det[private]
- Unify Before to a term that comes before Term in the standard order of terms.
- complement(+UGraphIn, -UGraphOut)
- UGraphOut is a ugraph with an edge between all vertices that are not connected in UGraphIn and all edges from UGraphIn removed.
- reachable(+Vertex, +UGraph, -Vertices)
- True when Vertices is an ordered set of vertices reachable in UGraph, including Vertex.
Undocumented predicates
The following predicates are exported, but not or incorrectly documented.