PublicShow sourcemain.pl -- Provide entry point for scripts

This library is intended for supporting PrologScript on Unix using the #! magic sequence for scripts using commandline options. The entry point main/0 calls the user-supplied predicate main/1 passing a list of commandline options. Below is a simle echo implementation in Prolog.

#!/usr/bin/env swipl

:- initialization(main, main).

main(Argv) :-
    echo(Argv).

echo([]) :- nl.
echo([Last]) :- !,
    write(Last), nl.
echo([H|T]) :-
    write(H), write(' '),
    echo(T).
See also
- library(prolog_stack) to force backtraces in case of an uncaught exception.
- XPCE users should have a look at library(pce_main), which starts the GUI and processes events until all windows have gone.
Source main
Call main/1 using the passed command-line arguments. Before calling main/1 this predicate installs a signal handler for SIGINT (Control-C) that terminates the process with status 1.
Source argv_options(:Argv, -Positional, -Options) is det
Parse command line arguments. This predicate acts in one of two modes.
  • If the calling module defines opt_type/3, full featured parsing with long and short options, type conversion and help is provided.
  • If opt_type/3 is not defined, only unguided transformation using long options is supported. See argv_untyped_options/3 for details.

When guided, three predicates are called in the calling module. opt_type/3 must be defined, the others need not. Note that these three predicates may be defined as multifile to allow multiple modules contributing to the provided commandline options. Defining them as discontiguous allows for creating blocks that describe a group of related options.

opt_type(Opt, Name, Type)
Defines Opt to add an option Name(Value), where Value statisfies Type. Opt does not include the leading -. A single character implies a short option, multiple a long option. Long options use _ as word separator, user options may use either _ or -. Type is one of:
A | B
Disjunctive type.
boolean(Default)
boolean
Boolean options are special. They do not take a value except for when using the long --opt=value notation. This explicit value specification converts true, True, TRUE, on, On, ON, 1 and the obvious false equivalents to Prolog true or false. If the option is specified, Default is used. If --no-opt or --noopt is used, the inverse of Default is used.
integer
Argument is converted to an integer
float
Argument is converted to a float. User may specify an integer
nonneg
As integer. Requires value >= 0.
natural
As integer. Requires value >= 1.
between(Low, High)
If both one of Low and High is a float, convert as float, else convert as integer. Then check the range.
atom
No conversion
oneof(List)
As atom, but requires the value to be a member of List (enum type).
string
Convert to a SWI-Prolog string
file
Convert to a file name in Prolog canonical notation using prolog_to_os_filename/2.
file(Access)
As file, and check access using access_file/2. A value - is not checked for access, assuming the application handles this as standard input or output.
term
Parse option value to a Prolog term.
term(+Options)
As term, but passes Options to term_string/3. If the option variable_names(Bindings) is given the option value is set to the pair Term-Bindings.
opt_help(Name, HelpString)
Help string used by argv_usage/1.
opt_meta(Name, Meta)
If a typed argument is required this defines the placeholder in the help message. The default is the uppercase version of the type functor name. This produces the FILE in e.g. -f FILE.

By default, -h, -? and --help are bound to help. If opt_type(Opt, help, boolean) is true for some Opt, the default help binding and help message are disabled and the normal user rules apply. In particular, the user should also provide a rule for opt_help(help, String).

Source cli_parse_debug_options(+OptionsIn, -Options) is det
Parse certain commandline options for debugging and development purposes. Options processed are below. Note that the option argument is an atom such that these options may be activated as e.g., --debug='http(_)'.
debug(Topic)
Call debug(Topic). See debug/1 and debug/3.
spy(Predicate)
Place a spy-point on Predicate.
gspy(Predicate)
As spy using the graphical debugger. See tspy/1.
interactive(true)
Start the Prolog toplevel after main/1 completes.
Source cli_enable_development_system
Re-enable the development environment. Currently re-enables xpce if this was loaded, but not initialised and causes the interactive toplevel to be re-enabled.

This predicate may be called from main/1 to enter the Prolog toplevel rather than terminating the application after main/1 completes.