:- use_module(library(crypto)).(can be autoloaded)
One way to relate such a list of bytes to an integer is to use CLP(FD) constraints as follows:
:- use_module(library(clpfd)). bytes_integer(Bs, N) :- foldl(pow, Bs, 0-0, N-_). pow(B, N0-I0, N-I) :- B in 0..255, N #= N0 + B*256^I0, I #= I0 + 1.
With this definition, you can generate a random 256-bit integer from a list of 32 random bytes:
?- crypto_n_random_bytes(32, Bs), bytes_integer(Bs, I). Bs = [98, 9, 35, 100, 126, 174, 48, 176, 246|...], I = 109798276762338328820827...(53 digits omitted).
The above relation also works in the other direction, letting you translate an integer to a list of bytes. In addition, you can use hex_bytes/2 to convert bytes to tokens that can be easily exchanged in your applications. This also works if you have compiled SWI-Prolog without support for large integers.