- Reference manual
- The SWI-Prolog library
- library(aggregate): Aggregation operators on backtrackable predicates
- library(ansi_term): Print decorated text to ANSI consoles
- library(apply): Apply predicates on a list
- library(assoc): Association lists
- library(broadcast): Broadcast and receive event notifications
- library(charsio): I/O on Lists of Character Codes
- library(check): Consistency checking
- library(clpb): CLP(B): Constraint Logic Programming over Boolean Variables
- library(clpfd): CLP(FD): Constraint Logic Programming over Finite Domains
- library(clpqr): Constraint Logic Programming over Rationals and Reals
- library(csv): Process CSV (Comma-Separated Values) data
- library(dcg/basics): Various general DCG utilities
- library(dcg/high_order): High order grammar operations
- library(debug): Print debug messages and test assertions
- library(dicts): Dict utilities
- library(error): Error generating support
- library(fastrw): Fast reading and writing of terms
- library(gensym): Generate unique symbols
- library(heaps): heaps/priority queues
- library(increval): Incremental dynamic predicate modification
- library(intercept): Intercept and signal interface
- library(iostream): Utilities to deal with streams
- library(listing): List programs and pretty print clauses
- library(lists): List Manipulation
- library(main): Provide entry point for scripts
- library(nb_set): Non-backtrackable set
- library(www_browser): Open a URL in the users browser
- library(occurs): Finding and counting sub-terms
- library(option): Option list processing
- library(optparse): command line parsing
- library(ordsets): Ordered set manipulation
- library(pairs): Operations on key-value lists
- library(persistency): Provide persistent dynamic predicates
- library(pio): Pure I/O
- library(portray_text): Portray text
- library(predicate_options): Declare option-processing of predicates
- library(prolog_debug): User level debugging tools
- library(prolog_jiti): Just In Time Indexing (JITI) utilities
- library(prolog_pack): A package manager for Prolog
- library(prolog_xref): Prolog cross-referencer data collection
- library(quasi_quotations): Define Quasi Quotation syntax
- library(random): Random numbers
- library(rbtrees): Red black trees
- library(readutil): Read utilities
- library(record): Access named fields in a term
- library(registry): Manipulating the Windows registry
- library(settings): Setting management
- library(statistics): Get information about resource usage
- library(strings): String utilities
- library(simplex): Solve linear programming problems
- library(solution_sequences): Modify solution sequences
- library(tables): XSB interface to tables
- library(terms): Term manipulation
- library(thread): High level thread primitives
- library(thread_pool): Resource bounded thread management
- library(ugraphs): Graph manipulation library
- library(url): Analysing and constructing URL
- library(varnumbers): Utilities for numbered terms
- library(yall): Lambda expressions
- The SWI-Prolog library
- Reference manual
- To be done
- - Provide type safety while loading
- Thread safety must now be provided at the user-level. Can we provide generic thread safety? Basically, this means that we must wrap all exported predicates. That might better be done outside this library.
- Transaction management?
- Should assert_<name> only assert if the database does not contain a variant?
- Since we have prolog_listen/2, we could use direct assert/1 and retract/1 and use the system hooks to deal with the updates.
This module provides simple persistent storage for one or more dynamic predicates. A database is always associated with a module. A module that wishes to maintain a database must declare the terms that can be placed in the database using the directive persistent/1.
The persistent/1 expands each declaration into four predicates:
As mentioned, a database can only be accessed from within a single module. This limitation is on purpose, forcing the user to provide a proper API for accessing the shared persistent data.
This module requires the same thread-synchronization as the normal Prolog database. This implies that if each individual assert or retract takes the database from one consistent state to the next, no additional locking is required. If more than one elementary database operation is required to get from one consistent state to the next, both updating and querying the database must be locked using with_mutex/2.
Below is a simple example, where adding a user does not need locking as it is a single assert, while modifying a user requires both a retract and assert and thus needs to be locked.
:- module(user_db, [ attach_user_db/1, % +File current_user_role/2, % ?User, ?Role add_user/2, % +User, +Role set_user_role/2 % +User, +Role ]). :- use_module(library(persistency)). :- persistent user_role(name:atom, role:oneof([user,administrator])). attach_user_db(File) :- db_attach(File, ). %% current_user_role(+Name, -Role) is semidet. current_user_role(Name, Role) :- with_mutex(user_db, user_role(Name, Role)). add_user(Name, Role) :- assert_user_role(Name, Role). set_user_role(Name, Role) :- user_role(Name, Role), !. set_user_role(Name, Role) :- with_mutex(user_db, ( retractall_user_role(Name, _), assert_user_role(Name, Role))).
- persistent +Spec
- Declare dynamic database terms. Declarations appear in a directive and
have the following format:
:- persistent <callable>, <callable>, ...
Each specification is a callable term, following the conventions of
library(record), where each argument is of the form
Types are defined by
- True if PI is a predicate that provides access to the persistent database DB.
- db_attach(:File, +Options)
- Use File as persistent database for the calling module. The
calling module must defined persistent/1
to declare the database terms. Defined options:
- One of
close(close journal after write),
flush(default, flush journal after write) or
none(handle as fully buffered stream).
If File is already attached this operation may change the
- True if the context module attached to the persistent database File.
- Assert Term into the database and record it for persistency. Note that if the on-disk file has been modified it is first reloaded.
- Detach persistency from the calling module and delete all persistent clauses from the Prolog database. Note that the file is not affected. After this operation another file may be attached, providing it satisfies the same persistency declaration.
- Retract all matching facts and do the same in the database. If Term is unbound, persistent/1 from the calling module is used as generator.
- Retract terms from the database one-by-one.
- Synchronise database with the associated file. What is one
- Database is reloaded from file if the file was modified since loaded.
reload, but use incremental loading if possible. This allows for two processes to examine the same database file, where one writes the database and the other periodycally calls
db_sync(update)to follow the modified data.
- Database was re-written, deleting all retractall statements. This is the
- GC DB if the number of deleted terms is greater than the given percentage of the total number of terms.
- GC DB without checking the percentage.
- Database stream was closed
- Remove all registered persistency for the calling module
- No-operation performed
With unbound What, db_sync/1 reloads the database if it was modified on disk, gc it if it is dirty and close it if it is opened.
- Sync all registered databases.